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Fixed penalties set for an increase

  • 10 May 2012
  • By Brian Weatherley

Most operators would probably agree with the principle that anyone committing an offence should pay the price for it.  But what if you end up paying for the sins of others? Since 2007 anyone receiving a fine in court automatically pays an additional £15 victim surcharge, which funds non-financial support services for victims and witnesses of crime. The scheme raises £10m a year, but doesn’t surcharge roadside fixed penalty notices (FPNs).

The Ministry of Justice (MoJ), however, wants to change that and boost the money available to victims of crime. Its January 2012 consultation document,‘Getting it right for Victims and Witnesses’, states: “bBy increasing the rate ordered on fines and extending it to the full range of sentences ordered in court, and also by using increased revenue from penalty notices for disorder and motoring FPNs, we aim to raise up to an additional £50m each year.” Within that additional sum, the MoJ anticipates £30m will come from higher FPN tariffs.

The idea of raising motoring FPNs came from the Department for Transport (DfT). Its May 2011 policy document, ‘Strategic Framework for Road Safety’, says: “We propose to increase the FPN payment levels for offences related to speed, the requirement to control a vehicle, including mobile phone usage, pedestrian crossings and wearing a seatbelt to between £80-£100 from the current level of £60.” Why up the ante? The Dft explains: “The level of payment attached to FPNs has fallen behind those in other areas such as disorder. This risks trivialising the offence.” It also believes that when offered the choice of either paying a higher FPN or an educational course, such as speed awareness, offenders are more likely to opt for the latter.

The nation’s 500,000 LGV drivers may resent the prospect of higher motoring FPNs, but it’s not all bad news. LGV-related graduated FPNs issued by Vosa for overloading, drivers’ hours and roadworthiness offences (see panel) will remain unchanged. “The 2011 strategic framework seems to suggest the road traffic fixed penalties affected will relate to speed, the control of the vehicle, such as mobile phone offences, pedestrian crossings and not wearing a seatbelt,” says Andrew Woolfall, director at transport solicitors Backhouse Jones. “It doesn’t suggest there will be any increase in fixed penalty levels for CV offences. This might be because the current £60/three-points level of fixed penalty has been around for some time, and the CV penalties are after that last increase.” He adds: “The CV penalties also range from between £30 and £200 per offence, and none of them come with the alternative of an educational course. Following the DfT’s logic, it might be argued that there is no need for an increase in those at present.”

An MoJ spokesman explains why it backs the DfT’s plan: “The MoJ obtained an agreement with the DfT and the Treasury that up to £30m from increased FPNs would be used for victim support services, including victims of road crime. The DfT said they wanted to increase the fines, and we said ‘OK – but when you increase them we’d like some of that extra money to go to victims of crime’.”

Norfolk-based haulier Paul Arthurton runs 14 trucks on general haulage. He’d prefer to see court and FPNs kept apart: “If the current scale of charges isn’t stopping people committing crimes then is an increase going to stop them?” he says. “If you want to raise the price of a fixed penalty, that’s a separate issue. I don’t believe we should be paying a victim surcharge on something that hasn’t gone through the courts. It should be stand-alone.” He adds: “If extra money from a higher FPN was going to Vosa, or the Highways Agency or the police, I might say that’s a good idea. At least the money could be better spent on managing traffic more efficiently.”

Public consultation is the next step. “We hope to go to consultation this year, and changes would need to be made to the regulations,” says a Dft spokesperson.

Consultation will involve many stakeholders, such as the police and the MoJ. The Association of Chief Police Officers notes that the FPN tariff is set by the MoJ. “These fines are among tools available to police officers to enforce traffic laws and allow offences to be dealt with promptly and efficiently. This eases the administrative burden on the police and courts but those subject to penalty notices can challenge the sanction in court.”

Until the consultation document is published, the industry won’t know the full scope of the proposed FPN tariff increases – or whether, as currently indicated by the DfT, they’ll be restricted to just motoring offences.

The Unite union wants to broaden the debate. With thousands of LGV drivers in membership, Unite national officer for road haulage Matt Draper says: “While not wanting to ignore victim support services, Unite believes that the focus should be on establishing industrial road accident compensation. This would mean drivers injured in the course of their work are classified as workplace accidents, not road traffic accidents, so that the correct compensation can be awarded.”


Although the consultation process for the MoJ’s ‘Getting it right for Victims and Witnesses’ expired on April 22 details, can still be viewed here

The DfT’s ‘Strategic Framework for Road Safety’ can be also downloaded here

Information on those graduated fixed penalties issued by Vosa together with the level of fines applied, is also available on the following websites:


If you’ve committed a minor traffic offence, the police may issue a one-off FPN. Non-endorsable offences (those that don’t result in points on your licence) usually incur a fine of £30. FPN fines for endorsable offences, like speeding, are usually £60 – although there may be some exceptions. More serious offences, such as driving without insurance, can incur fines of up to £200. If you believe a FPN is unjust, you can choose to argue your case in court.

Recipients have 28 days to pay or request a hearing, otherwise the fine will increase by 50%. You will be prosecuted if you fail to pay a fixed penalty for an offence detected by an automatic camera within 28 days.  Whether it’s been issued by the police or Vosa, your drivers should tell you about all penalty notices. Failure to do so could affect a company’s repute.

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